Applied Science and Biotechnology Journal for Advanced Research <p>Applied Science and Biotechnology Journal for Advanced Research is a Peer-Reviewed &amp; Refereed open access bimonthly international journal publishing original research papers / articles from all the fields of applied science and biotechnology subjects. Authors are encouraged to submit complete unpublished and original works, which are not under review in any other journals. </p> <p><strong>JOURNAL PARTICULARS</strong></p> <p><strong>Title:</strong> Applied Science and Biotechnology Journal for Advanced Research<br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> Bimonthly (6 issue per year)<br /><strong>ISSN (Online):</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2583-553X</a><br /><strong>Journal DOI Prefix:</strong> 10.31033/abjar<br /><strong>Publisher:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Vandana Publications</a>, Lucknow, India (Registered under the Ministry of MSME, Government of India with the registration number “UDYAM-UP-50-0046532”)<br /><strong>Chief Editor:</strong> Prof. (Dr.) Sanjay Kumar Singh<br /><strong>Copyright:</strong> Author<br /><strong>License:</strong> Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License<br /><strong>Starting Year:</strong> 2022<br /><strong>Subject:</strong> Applied Science and Biotechnology<br /><strong>Language:</strong> English<br /><strong>Publication Format:</strong> Online<br /><strong>Contact Number:</strong> +91-9696045327<br /><strong>Email Id:</strong><br /><strong>Website:</strong> <a href=""></a><br /><strong>Registered Address:</strong> 78/77, New Ganesh Ganj, Lucknow-226018, Uttar Pradesh, India.</p> Vandana Publications en-US Applied Science and Biotechnology Journal for Advanced Research 2583-553X Biological Invasions of Begomoviruses: A Case Study of TYLCV and Bemisia tabaci in Oman <p>This review article provides an in-depth analysis of the biological invasions of begomoviruses, focusing on a prominent case study involving the <em>Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus</em> (TYLCV) and its vector, the whitefly <em>Bemisia tabaci</em>, in the unique agricultural landscape of Oman. Begomoviruses, known for their global impact on crop yields, have become a significant concern in Oman, posing a serious threat to the cultivation of various crops, particularly tomatoes. The review begins by exploring the molecular characteristics and ecological dynamics of TYLCV and <em>Bemisia tabaci</em>, shedding light on the intricate interactions between the virus, the vector, and the host plants. Through a comprehensive analysis of historical data and recent research findings, the article examines the patterns and pathways of invasion, elucidating the factors contributing to the successful establishment and spread of TYLCV in Oman. The impacts of TYLCV invasion on agricultural productivity and crop quality are critically evaluated, providing insights into the specific challenges faced by Omani farmers. Special attention is given to the socio-economic repercussions of TYLCV-induced crop losses, emphasizing the need for adaptive management strategies to mitigate the negative consequences on food security and rural livelihoods.</p> <p>Furthermore, the review assesses the current state of knowledge regarding the management and control of TYLCV and <em>Bemisia tabaci</em> in Oman. It discusses the successes and limitations of existing strategies, ranging from conventional practices to innovative biotechnological approaches, providing a foundation for future research directions and the development of sustainable management practices in the context of biological invasions of begomoviruses in Oman. Overall, this review contributes to a nuanced understanding of the complex interplay between invasive begomoviruses, their vectors, and local agricultural systems, offering valuable insights for researchers, policymakers, and practitioners engaged in crop protection and biosecurity in Oman and beyond.</p> Quazi M. I. Haq Fatma H. Alrasbi Alzahra A. A. Alnaabi Marwa S. M. Alsaadi Copyright (c) 2023 Quazi M. I. Haq, Fatma H. Alrasbi, Alzahra A. A. Alnaabi, Marwa S. M. Alsaadi 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 2 6 1 10 10.31033/abjar.2.6.1 Prevalence of Fasciola Infection in Cattle- Ready- for -Slaughtering at some Abattoirs in Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria <p>Fascioliasis is one of the most prevalent and economically significant parasitic illnesses of domestic animals, particularly cattle, sheep, goats, and man. It is particularly widespread in countries with heavy cattle production especially places with low interest in vector-related diseases. Therefore, the study was designed to investigate the prevalence of this parasitic disease among the cattle slaughtered in the selected abattoirs in Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria. Two hundred and fifty (250) faecal samples were collected from the rectum of the slaughtered cattle. The samples were analyzed using the Formol-ether Concentration technique. Also, post mortem examination of the liver and other organs of the slaughtered cattle (250) at the abbattior were also examined for <em>Fasciola</em> infestation. The data were were analyzed with Chi-square at 5% level of significance using SPSS. It was observed that 77 (30.8%) were positive to fascioliasis out of the 250 slaughtered cattle examined. The prevalence of the infection based on the sex of the cattle was found to be statistically significant (p = 0.001).The percentage of fascioliasis depending on the breed of the cattle was observed to be lowest (25%) in Sokoto Gudali and highest (33.33%) in White Fulani. The analysis implied that there was a strong association between infection and cattle breeds. Prevalence of fascioliasis based on the estimated age of animals was not statistically significant however; animals aged 3 years and 6 months had the highest percentage (54.1%) while those within 2 years and 6 months had no cases of fascioliasis. Fascioliasis is an endemic illness in the study area among cattle slaughtered for consumption. This suggests the possibility of human infestation through consumption especially when it is under-processed. The need for health policy to ensure slaughtering of healthy cattle become important to ensure safe public health especially through consumption of meat. Also, public health intervention through mass vaccination of cattle, education of cattle farmers and introduction of veterinary inspectors at the point of slaughter is important in controlling Fascioliasis.</p> Ademola E. ALABA Praise O. OLUWALANA John O. OLAYIWOLA Copyright (c) 2023 Ademola E. ALABA, Praise O. OLUWALANA, John O. OLAYIWOLA 2023-11-30 2023-11-30 2 6 11 17 10.31033/abjar.2.6.2